Primary Sources

Adams, W.E., Memoirs of a Social Atom, New York: Augustus M. Kelley Publishers, 1968. (originally published in 1903). 

 Valuable for the many chapters on Chartism and Republicanism, with which the author, a journalist and publisher, was connected from the age of seventeen. 

Black, Frank Gees and Black, Renee Metivier eds. The Harney Papers, Assen: Van Gorcum, 1969. 

 Only one of E. Jones's letters was extant in the collection, but eight other letters contain reference to Jones, including one from Engels, presumably written in 1889, regarding Atherley Jones's project to collect and reissue his father's works. 

Burdett, John, ed., Annals of Labour: Autobiographies of British Working-Class People 1820-1920, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1974. 

 Excerpts of autobiographies of a wide variety of workers ranging from railroad navvies to domestics, these selections illustrate various aspects of the difficult lives of the lower classes. 

Carlyle, Thomas, Chartism, London: Chapman and Hall, Strand, 1842. 

 The Northern Star commented (Nov. 6, 1841) that Carlyle did not know what Chartism was. The Chartists, generally, did not hold Carlyle in high esteem; they did not, however, dispute the accuracy of this impassioned portrayal of the condition of England in the 1830s. 

Carlyle, Thomas, Past and Present, New York: New York University Press, 1977. 

Cooper, Thomas, The Life of Thomas Cooper: Written by Himself, 4th ed., London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1873. 

 Although Cooper spent many years in the Chartist movement, his autobiography devotes very little space to the subject. 

Engels, Frederick, The Condition of the Working Class in England, London: Grafton Books, 1969. 

 A classic study of mid nineteenth century England. Engels presents a moving picture of the suffering of the poor and the indifference of the rich, much of it based on first-hand information and published factory- inspectors' reports. 

Frost, T., Forty Years Recollections: Literary and Political, London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington, 1880. 

 A wide-ranging look at nineteenth century life with a small section on Frost's Chartist experiences. 

Gammage, R. G., History of the Chartist Movement 1837- 1854, including Gammage's Pamphlet The Social Oppression of the Working Classes, Its Causes and Cure, New York: Augustus M. Kelley, Publishers, 1969. (originally published 1854). 

 A dense, fact-filled account of the Chartist movement, marred somewhat by the author's prejudices against Chartists he fell out with, particularly O'Connor and his supporters. 

Great Britain. British Sessional Papers, Document 432. Letter sent to Secretary of State including extracts from the minutes of all Proceedings of the Visiting Justices of the House of Correction at Westminster. 

 Papers pertaining to Ernest Jones's complaints against the prison authorities and Visiting Justices. A detailed catalogue of abuses which did not come to light until after Jones was released. 

Greville, Charles, The Greville Diary, II, Philip Whitwell Wilson, ed. Garden City: Doubleday, Page and Company, 1927. 

 An upperclass response to the continental and Chartist disturbances of early 1848. Lord Greville wrote on April 9 regarding the preparations London was making for the Kennington Common meeting: "It is either very sublime or very ridiculous". Four days later he, along with the rest of the upper classes patted themselves on the back: "We have displayed a great resolution and a great strength, and given unmistakeable proofs, that if sedition and rebellion hold up their heads in this country, they will be instantly met with the most vigorous resistance, and be put down by the hand of authority, and by the zealous cooperation of all classes of the people." 

Harney, Julian, ed. The Red Republican and The Friend of the People, June 1850-July 1851, (Facsimile Edition in Two Volumes), New York: Barnes and Noble Inc., 1966 

 This weekly provided an outlet for a wide variety of advanced liberal and socialist thought. Saville, remarking on the "catholicity of Harney's editorial policy", in his introduction to this two volume reprint, wrote that "its columns remained open to foreign democrats and revolutionaries of many different shades of opinion." Harney changed the name to The Friend of the People when he found that he lost readership because of the angry, revolutionary sound of The Red Republican.

Holyoake, George Jacob, Bygones Worth Remembering, Vol I. London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1905. 

 One of the most interesting of the sections concerned with Chartism is that relating Holyoake's objections to the way April 10th came to be remembered. He explains how the Christian Socialists, particularly Maurice Kingsley, intentionally falsified Chartist history in order to extend their own influence over the lower classes. 

Holyoake, George Jacob, Sixty Years of an Agitator's Life, (Two Volumes) London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1893. 

 Holyoake comments on many of the principal characters in the various working class movements he was involved in including Chartism, co-operation and secular socialism. He knew Jones for many years on friendly and sometimes not so friendly terms. 

Jones, Ernest Charles, Chartist Songs and Fugitive Pieces

 A small collection of early Chartist poems, most printed in the Northern Star or the Labourer as well. Includes "Blackstone Edge" and "O'Connorville". Available in the Goldsmiths' Kress Library of Economic Literature, Segment II, Printed Books: 1801-1850, Reel 3288. 

Jones, Ernest Charles, ed. Notes to the People May 1851 - May 1852. 2 Vols. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1968. Original published in London, 1851 and 1852. 

 This edition, a facsimile of the complete set of the original journal, is an extremely important source for Jones's thinking after his release from prison in 1850. These writings also show the influence of his association with Marx and Engels. The socialist principles expounded here represent the far left of Chartism. Several essays in the second volume explain his reasons for wanting to publish the People's Paper, which supplanted Notes to the People in 1852. 

Jones, Ernest Charles, The Right of Public Meeting / Evenings With the People, New York: Garland Publishing, 1986. Originally published in 1887 (first work), 1856-7 (second work) 

Part of a Garland Publishing series of reprints of contemporary documents of the Chartist movement. (twenty-two volume facsimile series) The first work is a letter addressed (before sentencing) to Lord Chief Justice Sir Thomas Wilde. It is an eloquent and powerful statement by Ernest Jones in his own defence. The second part consists of a series of addresses made by Jones in 1856 and 1857, including ones on the State Church, industrial and economic relations, emigration and the colonies. 

Lovett, William, Life and Struggles of William Lovett, London: McGibbon and Kee Ltd., 1967. (first publ. London 1876). 

 Lovett's autobiography provides insight into moral-force Chartism. He writes disparagingly about O'Connor and his "satellites" bringing disrepute to the name of Chartism and alienating the middle-classes. Appendices contain text of early Chartist agreements and petitions. 

Marx, Karl and Engels, Frederick, Collected Works, New York: International Publishers, 1983. 

 An indispensable reference work with excellent indexes and notes. Letters referring to Jones occur throughout. As well there are reprints of many articles, speeches and other material related to Chartism and Jones. 

Marx, Karl and Engels, Frederick, On Britain, Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1953. 

 Reprints of various articles, letters concerning England. Includes personal comments on Chartist personalities and events, including Jones. 

--------Chartist Biographies and Autobiographies. New York: Garland, 1986. (includes A Memoir of Thomas Martin Wheeler (originally published in 1862), and The Aftermath with Autobiography of the Author by John Bedford Leno (originally published in 1892)) 

--------The Queen Against Ernest Jones: Trial of Ernest Charles Jones for sedition and unlawful assembly at the Central Criminal Court, before Wilde, C.J. July 10, 1848. 38p. fol. n.p. (1848) Apparently a proof, printed in columns numbered 411-446. (Filmed from the Holdings of and with the permission of the University of London's Goldsmiths' Kress Library of Economic Literature, Segment II, Printed Books: 1801-1850, Reel 3288. Item No. 35979) 

--------The Saturday Review of Politics, Literature, Art and Science, July 16, 1859. Vol. viii, (London, 1859) 72. 

 An article about Jones, published in the wake of his libel action against Reynold's, which reviews some of the evidence released during the trial and praises Jones for his unselfish adherence to the people's cause. 

--------Small Chartist Periodicals, (Facsimile Edition), New York: Garland Publishing Inc. 1986. 

 The newspapers included in this facsimile edition include The Lifeboat, The Poor Man's Guardian and Repealer's Friend, Bronterre's National Reformer, in Government, Law, Property, religion, and Morals, and The Democrat and Labour Advocate

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